Graham King

Solvitas perambulum

Setting up Munin on Ubuntu

Munin is a system monitoring tool. It produces graphs for Apache, MySQL, Nginx, CPU, Memory, Disk, etc. Example munin installation – Live.

Here are my notes from setting it up, they are brief, but should help you get going.

All the monitored machines run a small daemon called munin-node. One machine is the central server. Every few minutes it gathers data from all the nodes (including itself), generates the graphs, and writes out some HTML files.

In my case I have a proxy running Nginx and acting as the Munin central server, and two nodes each with Apache and MySQL.

Everything that Munin monitors is in a separate plugin. Most of the ones you’ll need are bundled, but might need switching on.

If you only have one machine, that is your only node. Do both steps on that machine.

On each node

sudo apt-get install munin-node munin-plugins-extra

Edit /etc/munin/munin-node.conf and add these lines:

host_name  # Hostname of the node machine
allow   # IP address of the central server
host    # Host IP address

If your Apache is not on port 80, edit the plugin config file /etc/munin/plugin-conf.d/munin-node and change or add these lines:

env.ports 81

Link the Apache plugin (it may already be linked, no problem)

cd /etc/munin/plugins/
sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/apache_processes apache_processes

Switch on Apache ExtendedStatus

sudo vi /etc/apache2/mods-available/status.conf

Outside of the Location section, add ExtendedStatus On

<IfModule mod_status.c>

ExtendedStatus On
<Location /server-status>
    SetHandler server-status
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
    Allow from localhost ip6-localhost


Install the Perl www packages (the Munin Apache plug needs them):

sudo apt-get install libwww-perl

Bounce munin-node and apache

sudo /etc/init.d/munin-node restart
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 reload

On the central server

sudo apt-get install munin munin-node munin-plugins-extra

Setup a crontab to run the data gathering task every five minutes

sudo -u munin crontab -e

Add this line

*/5 * * * *     /usr/bin/munin-cron

Edit /etc/munin/munin.conf and set the nodes you want to gather data from, and their IP addresses.

    use_node_name yes

    use_node_name yes

    use_node_name yes

Run it!

sudo -u munin munin-cron

Look in /var/www/. You should see a munin directory.

Setup your web server to point to the HTML files. If like me you’re using Nginx, edit /etc/nginx/sites-available/, and add these lines

location /munin/ {
    root /var/www/;
    expires off;
    auth_basic "Munin";
    auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd;

Create the htpasswd file, or see password protecting a folder with Nginx.

htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/.htpasswd username

Try it out, by browsing to is of course the address your Nginx is serving.

You should see some graphs, but they will be blank, or display Nan instead of numbers. Be patient. In 10 – 15 minutes Nan will be replaced by numbers, and the graphs will slowly start appearing.

Add nginx monitoring

A bit of fancy footwork required here. This might of improved by the time you read this.

sudo apt-get install libwww-perl

Download Munin plugins nginx request and nginx status.

Replace the very first line of each one, the one that says @@PERL@@ with this line

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

Comment out the rest of the header. Open the file in vim, hit Esc, and type

:3,56s/^/#/  <enter>
:wq <enter>

Note: I’m obviously missing an install step here. If you know, please help me in the comments

Copy the plugins into munin’s available plugins directory

cp nginx_request /usr/share/munin/plugins
cp nginx_status /usr/share/munin/plugins
sudo chmod ug+x /usr/share/munin/plugins/nginx_*

Edit your nginx config to switch on status. Edit /etc/nginx/sites-available/ and add these lines:

location /nginx_status {
        stub_status on;
        access_log   off;
        #deny all;
        allow all;

Restart nginx: sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

Link the plugins into the active plugins directory

cd /etc/munin/plugins/
perl nginx_request autoconf

sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/nginx_request nginx_request
sudo ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/nginx_status nginx_status

And you should be set. Happy monitoring!